Human infection with helminths is most often caused by disregard for hygiene rules. Parasite eggs enter the digestive tract through the mouth from unwashed hands, untreated food or dirty water. Adults sometimes get infected from their child. Pinworms in children are not that uncommon. For the treatment of helminth infections there are drugs for worms and parasites of different directions.
What are the medicines against worms?
There are antiparasitic medicines for single administration, as well as those that need to be used for several days. Often even the most effective medications are prescribed several courses at 2- to 3-week intervals. Treatment will be successful only if the doctor correctly selects the remedy after determining the type of parasites and the severity of the worm infestation.
Each drug has its own range of influence. Some pills destroy only roundworms, others only flatworms, others only tapeworms. There are drugs that act only on eggs and larvae or only on adults. But there are also universal preparations for worms and parasites of broad spectrum action, capable of destroying all internal parasites at any stage of their maturity. For example, you can learn more about medications here https://svensktapotek.net/kopa-stromectol/.
The vast majority of such medications are synthesized from artificial chemicals. Preparations of plant origin are too weak and often do not cope with the task of complete cleansing of the human body of helminthes.
Principle of action of anthelmintic drugs
Each group of drugs from worms and parasites for humans inhibits some process of worm activity. There are means that cause:
- Blockage of assimilation of nutrients by helminths.
- Disruption of food digestion by parasites, hence their death.
- Disorders of intracellular metabolism in worms.
- Paralysis of the worms and their excretion.
- All of the above effects simultaneously.
It has been found that drugs for worms and parasites of broad-spectrum action for humans are not entirely safe. They are quite poisonous, so the type and dosage of drugs are selected only by a doctor, taking into account the age and body weight of the patient. In parallel, additional medications are prescribed to prevent complications, such as probiotics, enterosorbents, immunomodulators and hepatoprotectors.
Ivermectin is an antiparasitic drug used mainly in veterinary medicine. It has recently been approved for use in humans with pediculosis, scabies, lymphatic filariasis, strongyloidiasis, onchocerciasis. Earlier in vitro antiviral activity of this drug against some viruses was demonstrated. A phase III study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the drug in patients with Dengue fever. The drug was found to be ineffective in the treatment of this disease, but was well tolerated by patients. The drug has also been shown to be quite well tolerated in its antiparasitic use.
The journal Antiviral Research has received a publication describing the results of the work of Australian virologists, which has now undergone preliminary review. In vitro on a culture of SARS-COV-2 infected cells it was shown that a single addition of ivermectin to the medium was enough to achieve a 93% reduction of viral particles in the supernatant (the liquid part containing the cells) and 99.8% in the cells after 24 hours. After 48 and 72 hours, no viruses were detected in the cell culture. There was no evidence of toxic cell damage. The probable mechanism of the antiviral action of ivermectin is the inhibition of the transport of viral proteins into the host cell nucleus. You can purchase quality medication here https://svensktapotek.net/.